Thursday, 17 May 2012
Tutorial Eight – Assistive technology
Assistive technology has been around or many years. Assistive technology can be defined as "the applications of science, engineering, and other disciplines that result in processes, methods, or inventions that support people with disabilities" (Bryant & Bryant, 2003, p.2). I perceive assistive technology as a form of technology that aids an individual to achieve a particular task. These tasks can range from eating to communicating. There are many form of assistive technology however assistive technology is generally divided into two groups. These groups are high tech assistive technology or low-tech assistive technology. High tech technology is generally seen as those ‘fancy’ gadgets for example a gadget that assists in speech and communication. Low-tech technology is generally seen as being technology that assists individuals every day with little tasks such as a adapted spoon to help with the task of eating.
As there are many forms of assistive technology there is one in particular that I have become rather interested in. This would be the powered wheel chair. In my eyes this is the top shelf technology for all assistive technology. It was during our recent assistive technology lecture with Dave Speden from Kimi Ora School in Wellington that I was made aware of the technology and electronics behind one of these amazing high-powered machines. Kimi Ora school is a school for children who have high needs to Dave deals with a lot of assistive technology. Through this lecture I gained insight of how important a powered wheel chair is for a child in fact any individual. This piece of assistive equipment can give individuals limited amounts of freedom and independence, through the use of powered wheel chair individuals can achieve the quality of life that any ‘normal’ person achieves.
Right so power wheel chairs there are so many different place to start. Basically there are some many types of powered wheel chairs. Now days they can be designed for a individual so the power chair suites their specific needs. Power chairs vary I sixe, controls, drive types, seating and any general features. When looking into a powered chair people must look into it very heavily, they need to see if a powered chair is actually going to give a individual their full independence.
There are three main types of chairs available; these are rear wheel drive, mid wheel drive and front wheel drive. Rear wheel drive simply means that the drive wheel are located at the back of the chair. Having rear wheel drive means that you generally need a larger turning circle. Mid and from wheel drive means that the drive wheels are located closer to the front of the chair, which therefore means that the chair is very maneuverable.
The bellow you tube clip is on the general types of powered chairs that are on today’s market. Form this clip you can see that there are a lot of chair to choose from that is why it is always important to see what chair suites you the best.
The next clip shows the way in which a powered chair can create independence for individuals. Imagine if this young girl did not have a powered chair she would not be able to have independence and would not be able to play and do things that she enjoys.
Bryant, D.P., & Bryant, B.R. (2003). Assistive technology for people with disabilities. Boston MA: Pearson
The Internet and online communities
For this blog I am going to explore the Internet and provide a overview of three online communities that are intended for people that have a TBI or have a loved one experiencing a TBI. These communities are generally were people can find information, ask questions and find support for what they are experiencing. These sights are not necessarily just for a individual that has a TBI but for their family and loved ones to share stories to other families or individuals experiencing a TBI.
The first online community that I would like to explore is brain song http://brainsong.site-ym.com/, which is a non-profit organisation for females that have experienced a TBI. This community comes complete with a mission statement. People that wish to join this community are required to sign up with a password and username. This site offers resources and information only for members however you cannot access any medical advise, diagnosis or treatment. You cannot access any information or resources unless you are a member of brain song. This community is a worldwide site, which has an origin of USA so I imagine that many of the users are from USA. This site has built in security, which means the site is being monitored and abuse is unlikely to occur.
The second online community that I would like to explore is brain injury New Zealand http://www.brain-injury.org.nz/resources.html. This site provides information and resources about brain injury. This is not a forum type website but is relevant as it has links to many web pages, books and dvd’s were individuals are able to further their understanding of brain injury. This website provides information about education and courses that people who sustain a brain injury can attend. Brian injury New Zealand provides contact detail for individuals to ring and ask any further questions. The only downfall is that people cannot contribute information to this site however that is what makes it a very security friendly site, which is not likely to abuse.
The last online community that I am going to explore is daily strength http://www.dailystrength.org/c/Brain-Injury/support-group. This is a community where people can post about their experiences with TBI and how is affecting them or their family. Same again with this webpage you don’t only need to be a sufferer but you can be a family member or loved one that is confused or hurt about what your loved one is experiencing. Daily strength is open to anyone which means that there is a lack of security and that the page is open to some level of abuse, however in order to post on this site you are needed to sign up and provide and password and username. Daily strength connects individuals from all over the world and allows individuals to post anonymously and receive feedback and support from other members of the site.
Two out of the three sites that I have recognized allows posters/members to contribute and ask questions online. I feel that there is a increase in these sorts of webpages as they are anonymous. These sites are important, as some individuals may be scared to face a health professional or family but knowing that there are online communities that these individuals can turn to and confide in other individuals. There are two ways of information sharing on these sites. Information can be shared by using one-way information, which may be medical information that is posted that cannot be commented on or discussed about. The second form of information is two-way information, which is posted and discussed about between people were they can express there feeling and experiences then gain feedback from others.
Tutorial five: Video production sessions
This blog is all about looking at five online sources that relate to Brain injury. The reason why I have chosen to explore brain injury is because on second fieldwork placement I was in a physical disability home in Dunedin. I was placed with a 19-year-old boy that had been a serious car accident who obtained a traumatic brain injury (TBI). My first few times that I went to this placement I was very overwhelmed as I had never interacted with a individual that had a TBI. Over time I adjusted and built a relationship with this young man that I would call a very life changing experience. I have selected videos from YouTube that help explain brain injuries and also demonstrate how occupational therapist help in the rehabilitation process. Online videos and recourses are a great source of information for people that may have just recently received a TBI and are coming to term with the injury.
The first video that I am posting is about the basic facts of a TBI. This video explores the symptoms and how a TBI can change ones life instantly.
The first video that I am posting is about the basic facts of a TBI. This video explores the symptoms and how a TBI can change ones life instantly.
This next video shows the techniques the occupational therapist use to aid in rehabilitation for patients that have TBI. Using wii as an adaptive recovery tool creates meaningful occupation for patients that have sustained a TBI.
This next video is about a young boy that obtained a TBI in a snow boarding accident. It shows his progress over time and how he learnt to walk, speak and live like he previously did before his accident.
This video is relevant as it is about a lady named Helen who sustained a TBI after hiking. This video shows snippets of the way in which a occupational therapist aid in the life of a TBI patient. Helen says how the occupational therapist played a major role in her life as the therapist helped her return to her previous function.
This video covers the occupational therapist role after a individual have sustained a TBI. They talk about the different types of interventions that would be taken and talk about when the occupational therapist would begin to work with a individual who sustained a TBI. This video also covers the task that the occupational therapist will cover so aid for the individual to return to original function and how they functioned before the injury.
Youtube.com (2007). Brain injury recovery video. Retrieved 27th April 2012 from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ob-AguFXff0&feature=related
Youtube.com (2008). Basic facts about traumatic Brain Injury. Retrieved 27th April 2012 from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-TOzS4CWpA&feature=player_embedded
Youtube.com (2009). Brain injury rehabilitation using Wii recreational therapy. Retrieved 27th April 2012 from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofm-dyjOu1s
Youtube.com (2010). Occupational therapy and Brain Injury - Helen's Story. Retrieved 27th April 2012 from:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jstD81Chc4E&feature=player_embedded
Youtbue.com (2011). Occupational Therapy after traumatic brain injury. Retrieved 27th April 2012 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pIY8ESjHtQ&feature=related
This was a very interesting and fun task to do. For this task we had to obviously create a short film. Our film was called the life of a poor student. The life of a poor student was based around occupational deprivation and how a female occupational therapy student was deprived of money, which means she was unable to participate in activities that she wished. Occupational deprivation is defined as “A state of prolonged preclusion from engagement occupations of necessity or meaning due to factors outside the control of an individual such as through geographical isolation, incarceration or disability" (Christansen & townsend, 2010). Firstly we decided this topic would be relevant as we are all ‘poor Otago students’ and we know how it is to be deprived of something that we want oooohhh so much due to money, for example that one pair of shoes that you want, the ring you want which is way out of your price range and that one movie that you would die to see but cant because you cant afford it.
The way we portrayed this film was a occupational therapy student studying hard and not having enough money to participate in leisure activities with her friends, having to get up early for class and unable to buy food, all due to the lack of money she had. The life of a poor student ended with the girl graduating with honors from occupational therapy, due to the sacrifices she made to get what she deserved and what she wanted. Through occupational deprivation there are positives and negatives in the long run you may get what you want but in the short term picture you may be deprived of something that you want now.
Christansen, H & Townsend, A. (2010) An introduction to Occupation the art and science of living. Pearson inc.
Doing, being, becoming and belonging.
This power point had to link to doing, being, becoming and belonging. Through baking I have illustrated that these concepts can be achieved. My fieldwork two placement was where I facilitated baking. The setting was a home for individuals that have physical disabilities. I was working with a 19-year-old boy that had a traumatic brain injury. He enjoyed baking, so through baking he was able to achieve doing, being, becoming and belonging. Baking is defined to “cook food by dry heat without direct exposure to a flame, typically in an oven or on a hot surface” (Dictonary.com, 2012)
The term doing is defined as the “activities in which a particular person engages” (Dictionary.com, 2012). The doing part of baking is a key aspect of baking as it is a way in which individuals learn, individuals learn through physically participating in baking or through past experience. Doing is illustrated in this power point several times through the images of the individual participating in the activity of baking.
The term being is defined as “the state or quality of having existence. Something, such as an object, an idea, or a symbol, that exists, is thought to exist, or is represented as existing” (The Free Dictionary, 2012). Being is illustrated as it is the symbol that baking holds. Through creativeness and expression individuals are able to ‘be’. Being is shown through the creativeness that the individual’s holds/show through the baking; this can be shown in the slides that have the finished product of baking.
The term belonging is defined as ‘be rightly classified in or assigned to a specified category” (Dictionary.com, 2012). Belonging through baking is evident as it can symbolize individuals belonging to a group or culture. Belonging in a group means social acceptance, which gives an individual a sense that they belong. The group can be a culture, class or friends.
The last term becoming is defined as “any process of change” (Dictionary.com, 2012). Becoming can be illustrated as individuals may grow through experience of baking and further their knowledge and become a baker. We may also become through learning from others, and creating a future in baking.
Lastly there were 3 examples of ethical consideration that I made in relation to the images I obtained. Firstly I gained consent from the individuals in the personal images I took. Secondly I used APA referencing when using images from the Internet. Lastly I was confidential by not stating what my placement setting was and by not naming the client I worked with predominately in this setting.
Dictionary.com. (2012). Define baking. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/baking?s=t
Dictionary.com. (2012). Define becoming. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/becoming?s=t
Dictionary.com. (2012). Define belonging. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/belonging?s=t
Dictionary.com. (2012). Define doing. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/doing?s=t
The Free Dictionary. (2012). Define being. Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/being